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How is the intermolecular force of attraction in solids?
“In solids, the intermolecular forces are very strong, and the constituent particles are closely packed. That is why; solids are incompressible and have high density. … In gases, the intermolecular forces are negligible (extremely weak), and the constituent particles are free to move.
What is intermolecular force of attraction?
Intermolecular forces are the forces of attraction or repulsion which act between neighboring particles (atoms, molecules, or ions ). These forces are weak compared to the intramolecular forces, such as the covalent or ionic bonds between atoms in a molecule.
Why intermolecular forces of attraction is maximum in solids?
The intermolecular/interatomic force of attraction is maximum in solids. Due to this, the molecules of solids are closely packed. Hence, the intermolecular forces of attraction are maximum in solids. … And so the kinetic energy of a particle is lowest for solids and is maximum for gases.
What is meant by the intermolecular forces of attraction How do they vary in solids liquids and gases?
Solution: The force of attraction between the molecules of matter is called the intermolecular force of attraction. It is maximum in solids, less in liquid and least in gases.
What forces hold solids together?
Solids are generally held together by ionic or strong covalent bonding, and the attractive forces between the atoms, ions, or molecules in solids are very strong. In fact, these forces are so strong that particles in a solid are held in fixed positions and have very little freedom of movement.
What is the major force in a solid?
Lesson Summary. One type of solid is formed by ionic solids in which the inter-particle forces of attraction are electrostatic attractions due to the opposite charges of the ions. One type of solid is formed by metallic atoms where a sea of electrons exerts a force of attraction on the positive ions (metallic bond).
How important intermolecular forces are in solids and liquids?
Because electrostatic interactions fall off rapidly with increasing distance between molecules, intermolecular interactions are most important for solids and liquids, where the molecules are close together.
Which has more intermolecular force of attraction?
Dipole-dipole interactions are the strongest intermolecular force of attraction.
What is the force of attraction called as?
The force of attraction between the same kind of molecules is called the force of cohesion. The force of attraction between different kinds of molecules is called the force of adhesion.
Which of the following is molecular solid?
Which of the following is a molecular solid? Solution: Ice is a hydrogen bonded molecular solid. Hydrogen atom of one water molecule forms hydrogen bonds with oxygen atom of neighboring water molecule. Diamond, Graphite and Quartz are giant or network solids (covalent solids).