What is meant by intermolecular forces of attraction How do they vary in solid liquid and gases?

What do you mean by intermolecular force of attraction How do they vary in different states of matter?

Intermolecular force of attraction is the type of attraction that connects or bonds the two molecules together in a substance , they vary in Solid , liquid and gas. as it is much higher in solid , than lesser in liquid n much lesser in gas …

What is meant by intermolecular forces of attraction?

Intermolecular forces are the forces of attraction or repulsion which act between neighboring particles (atoms, molecules, or ions ). These forces are weak compared to the intramolecular forces, such as the covalent or ionic bonds between atoms in a molecule.

How do they vary in solids liquids and gases?

Solids have a definite shape and volume. Liquids have a definite volume, but take the shape of the container. Gases have no definite shape or volume.

What is intermolecular force of attraction for Class 7?

The force of attraction between the molecules of matter is called the intermolecular force of attraction. It is maximum in solids, less in liquid and least in gases.

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How do the intermolecular forces of attraction define the properties and uses of matter?

The properties of matter depend on the intermolecular forces between the particles the matter is composed of. London Dispersion Forces are attractive forces that exist between all atoms and molecules. … Dipole Forces result from attraction between the positive and negative ends of molecules with permanent dipoles.

What is the intermolecular force of a solid?

Intermolecular forces are weaker attractions that hold molecules or noble gas particles close together when they are in a liquid or solid form. Gas particles have broken away from the intermolecular forces that hold liquids and solids together. An alternative name for intermolecular forces is the van der Waals forces.

Why intermolecular forces of attraction is maximum in solids?

The intermolecular/interatomic force of attraction is maximum in solids. Due to this, the molecules of solids are closely packed. Hence, the intermolecular forces of attraction are maximum in solids. … And so the kinetic energy of a particle is lowest for solids and is maximum for gases.

How do solids liquids and gases differ in shape and volume?

A solid has definite volume and shape, a liquid has a definite volume but no definite shape, and a gas has neither a definite volume nor shape.

Why do solids and liquids behave differently?

Particles behave differently in each state because the amount of energy a substance gains changes the rate of movement of the particles. The pace of movement and the space needed for the particles increases as it changes between solid, liquid and gas.

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